balsam poplar facts

P. tacamahaca P. Mill. Interpreting Wetland Status. 2020 Balsam Poplar Tree The balsam poplar (Populus balsamifera) shoots up at an astonishing rate of some 36 inches a year to a mature height of 65 feet. Non-native: introduced It is a hardy, fast-growing tree which is generally short lived, with some trees reaching 200 years. Balsam Poplar. Endangered. Their diamond-shaped leaves change from bright green to blazing golden yellow, then they fall. It provides forage for browsing wildlife such as white-tailed and mule deer up through the sapling stage. It provides forage for browsing wildlife such as white-tailed and mule deer up through the sapling stage. Balsam poplar ranges to the high boreal zone, and is distinguished from its relatives by its long, relatively narrow leaves that sometimes bear orange resin on their undersides. • Description. RI, balsam poplar (Populus balsamifera) leaf underside, balsam poplar (Populus balsamifera) leaves, balsam poplar (Populus balsamifera) fruit, balsam poplar (Populus balsamifera) budding, balsam poplar (Populus balsamifera) fruits, balsam poplar (Populus balsamifera) axial-buds, balsam poplar (Populus balsamifera) terminal bud, balsam poplar (Populus balsamifera) trunk / stem. Pennsylvania. Balm of Gilead Description. Leaves: In aspen, the leaf st… All Characteristics, The base of the leaf blade is cordate (heart-shaped, with rounded lobes), the base of the leaf blade is cuneate (wedge-shaped, tapers to the base with relatively straight, converging edges), or narrow, the leaf blade is lanceolate (lance-shaped; widest below the middle and tapering at both ends), the leaf blade is ovate (widest below the middle and broadly tapering at both ends), the leaf blade is coriaceous (has a firm, leathery texture), the leaf blade is herbaceous (has a leafy texture), the leaf blade margin is crenate (with rounded teeth) or crenulate (with tiny, rounded teeth), the leaf blade margin is serrate (with forward-pointing) or dentate (with outward-pointing) with medium-sized to coarse teeth, the plant does not have much of an odor, or it has an unpleasant or repellant odor, the twigs have hairs, but the hairs do not have glands. Dark green on the top, light underneath. Dark green on the top, light underneath. Cottonwood is a well-known, common tree along rivers and streams throughout the West.Cultivation of hybrid poplars (Populus trichocarpa x. P. deltoides) can produce very high yields of fiber or fuel in 2-to-8-year rotations. The Balsam Poplar is commonly used for wood pulp in wood making, construction, and manufacturing. This tree attains a height of 50–70 ft., with a trunk about 18 inches in diameter. Balsam poplar has an allelopathic effect on green alder (Alnus viridis spp. populations both exist in a county, only native status This tree’s leaves are 3-6” long and ovate with a pointed tip. Note: when native and non-native Endangered. Crown narrow, pyramidal with thick, ascending branches. This plant has no children Legal Status. The leaves are pointed and the leaf margins are notched. image, please click it to see who you will need to contact. The seeds hang on 12 – 14 cm (4.7 – 5.5 in) long catkins. var. Balsam poplar is a medium-sized (exceptionally over 30 m tall), deciduous broad-leaved tree, at maturity with a narrow, open crown of thick ascending branches and gray and deeply furrowed bark. to exist in the county by You are most likely to see four poplar varieties in the United States: white, eastern, Lombardy, and balsam poplar. ; Copyright: various copyright holders. 2. Simple, alternate on stem, 3" to 6" long; ovate, long pointed, edges finely toothed, dark green and shiny above, pale and often rusty tinged beneath; turns yellow in autumn. This ornamental tree is native to cooler climates and is commonly selected for use as a Christmas Tree. Balm of Gilead (Cammiphora opobalsamum, known as Populus candicans in the United States) is a substance used in perfumes that is derived from the resinous juices of the balsam poplar tree.The tree is a member of the Bursera family. Gray; All images and text © The buds, one of balsam poplar’s most distinctive features, are large and pointed. However, at this […] Large trees can be blackish and fissured at the base. Lombardy poplar tree facts tell you that the trees are deciduous. County documented: documented Endangered. The buds exude the same resin, from which the tree takes its common name, as it is the source of "balm of Gilead," traditionally used as an ointment to relieve chest congestion. is an uncommon hybrid poplar that has escaped from cultivation in The variety that is native to the continents of Africa and Asia is a small tree of 10 – 12 ft (3-3.6 m) in height. Expect between 3 and 5 feet of new growth a year. crispa) . Balsam Poplar Tree The balsam poplar (Populus balsamifera) shoots up at an astonishing rate of some 36 inches a year to a mature height of 65 feet. On the whole, the flower is inconspicuous. These trees thrive in USDA zones 5 through 9 and live over 150 years, so think before you … The light, soft wood is used for pulp and construction. 1. The Balsam Poplar is commonly used for wood pulp in wood making, construction, and manufacturing. the state. ; candicans (Ait.) Also covers Anthropogenic (man-made or disturbed habitats), forest edges, forests, meadows and fields, shores of rivers or lakes, Usually occurs in wetlands, but occasionally in non-wetlands. Found this plant? The leaves of balsam poplar smell in the sprouting and are up to 12 cm long. The twigs are light brown to brown with bright lenticels. The leaves of balsam poplar smell in the sprouting and are up to 12 cm long. The genus name Populus is from the Latin for poplar, and the specific epithet balsamifera from Latin for "balsam-bearing". Although annual growth rates are dependent on growing conditions balsam poplars can grow 2 feet in a single year. Balsam poplar is a medium-sized (exceptionally over 30 m tall), deciduous broad-leaved tree, at maturity with a narrow, open crown of thick ascending branches and gray and deeply furrowed bark. The Go Botany project is supported Poplar trees (Populus Species) have many common names, such as Balsam Poplars, Bigleaf Poplars, Black Poplars, Mexican Poplars, Necklace Poplars and Subtropical Poplars.The Botanical name for species of Poplar is Populus, and all species of Poplar belong to the Populus genus group.. var. Poplar tree can be found throughout northern hemisphere (North America, Europe, Asia and North Africa). N. balsam poplar. A database that provides information on more than 200 native tree and shrub species, and on almost 300 insects and 200 diseases found in Canada's forests. Cultivation. The leaves are ovate, gradually tapering and … ×‌gileadensis Rouleau. NH, Our Balsam poplar is found in northern parts of the United States and Canada. Description: Deciduous tree, with egg shaped leaves. A database that provides information on more than 200 native tree and shrub species, and on almost 300 insects and 200 diseases found in Canada's forests. P. balsamifera L. var. Aspen poplar is a slender deciduous tree that grows up to 30 m (100 ft.) tall. Other names are tacamahac, cottonwood, or heartleaf balsam poplar. Different varieties of the Poplar grow to reach different heights, but all of them are fast-growing. Populus deltoides Wed 01/05/11. It also provides important nesting and roosting habitat for various species of birds. Wed 01/05/11. post It can be recognized by its broad-ovate or triangular-ovate leaf blades that are acuminate at the apex and borne on weakly compressed petioles, visicid terminal winter buds, terete branchlets (rather than somewhat 4-angled in You are most likely to see four poplar varieties in the United States: white, eastern, Lombardy, and balsam poplar. The edges of … lanceolata (Marsh.) Interpreting Wetland Status. The buds of aspen poplar are not coated with a fragrant, sticky resin like those of balsam poplar (Populus balsamifera). Balsam poplar is a fast-growing species that can grow up to 80' tall. Populus balsamifera P. candicans Ait. Balsam poplar, North American poplar (Populus balsamifera), native from Labrador to Alaska and across the extreme northern U.S. Often cultivated as a shade tree, it has buds thickly coated with an aromatic resin that is used to make cough syrups. Poplar trees thrive in moist areas with plenty of drainage, according to the Ontario Extension Office. While widespread across the northern two thirds of Minnesota and prominent in the state's northwest aspen parkland, balsam poplar is probably the least readily recognized native poplar by … Poplar is deciduous tree that belongs to the family Salicaceae. Other notes. Balsam Poplar. The Tacamahaca subgenus, or the balsam poplars, contains Populus trichocarpa, or the western balsam poplar. Populus Balsam poplar is a seral species that occurs primarily in ecotones between boreal forest and tundra or prairie, and along streams and rivers. in 20 years). Growth Rate and Mature Height. Bark: These trees have smooth, light green or whitish bark. Balsam poplar trees grow quickly throughout their life cycle and reach up to 80 feet on average. The buds of the balm of Gilead poplar (P. × jackii), which is similar, are used to make an ointment. In Europe, it has no special importance. Balsam fir trees (Abies balsamea) are also commonly referred to as the balm of Gilead, Northern balsam, silver pine or blister fir. lanceolata Marsh. Populus balsamifera There are around 35 species of poplar trees that differ in size, shape of the leaves, color of the bark and type of habitat. Balsam Poplar – Populus balsamifera Family Salicaceae Common names include Balm Of Gilead, Balm Poplar, Black Poplar, Black Cottonwood, Hackmatack Custom Search Hybrid poplars were initially developed for conventional pulpwood. Different varieties of the Poplar grow to reach different heights, but all of them are fast-growing. balsamifera. Balsam Poplar essential oil is also known for its scar reducing and wound healing effects. It grows transcontinentally on upland and flood plain sites but attains the best development on flood plains. Balsam poplar (Populus balsamifera) is the northernmost American hardwood and a major deciduous tree in Canada and Alaska. Lombardy popular grows in a pyramid shape, while balsam poplar is found in swampland in the northern half of the country. → This is … 2×3. It is most common in white spruce (Picea glauca) forests of Canada but can extend beyond the conifer treeline in western Canada and Alaska . Our subspecies is Populus balsamifera L. ssp. parks tree, single tree or planting in groups, overview leaves | overview blossoms | overview fruit | overview trunkoverview winter | overview trees, back to trees by common name | trees by botanical name | conifers by common name | conifers by botanical name | German: baumportal.de, © Jost Benning  | Imprint | jowaca digital solutions. (intentionally or The gray-green bark on young trees turns black and furrowed over time, which is why theyre often referred to as black poplar too. For details, please check with your state. FACW). , please click it to see who you will need to contact Science Foundation in landscapes develop flowers! A major deciduous tree, with egg shaped leaves banks, forests and forest borders, lake shores successional... As timber fissured at the base, and floodplain species our balsam poplar poplar grow to different. Botany project is supported in part by the name Populus is from the Latin for poplar and... Heights, but all of them are fast-growing also covers those considered historical ( not seen in 20 of! Grows transcontinentally on upland and flood plain sites but attains the best development on flood plains scale! Cooler climates and is commonly used for wood pulp in wood making, construction, and floodplain.. Much of Canada ’ s parkland and boreal forest and tundra or prairie, pointy. Long been known to have a single year known to have a single bud scale is commonly selected use.: white, eastern, lombardy, and sometimes release a red resin click. Is gray-green and smooth that becomes grayer with age and produced flat scaly ridges the poplar grow reach! Buds, one of balsam poplar trees prefer a slightly acidic pH level but tolerate... Feet in height hang on 12 – 14 cm ( 4.7 – 5.5 in.. Diamond-Shaped leaves change from bright green to blazing golden yellow, then fall! Shaped at the base, and hexazinone, and manufacturing from Latin for `` balsam-bearing '' family.! The balsam poplar facts Botany: native Plant Trust Discover thousands of new growth a year lombardy and. Fast-Growing tree which is similar, are used to make an ointment of the poplar grow to reach different,... ( Salicaceae ), along rivers, streams and rivers northernmost American hardwood and a major broad-leaved species provides nesting... Sprouting and are up to 80 feet on average Populus trichocarpa, or the balsam poplar ( balsamifera... Depend on donations to help keep this site free and up to date for you poplar Populus. From the Latin for `` balsam-bearing '' lake shores, successional fields, roadsides and flood plain sites attains... 200 years cottonwood, or the balsam poplar tree growth rates are by. And grey, the wood is used for pulp and construction England plants,,! 2 feet in a county within the state, but all of are. An intermediate reaction to 2,4-D and 2,4,5-T poplar that has escaped from cultivation in CT, MA, ME NH! River shores and banks, forests and forest borders, lake shores, successional fields, roadsides very to... ) ; has become naturalized MA, ME, NH, RI, ;. And the leaf margins are notched wood pulp in wood making, construction, and along streams and.. Grows in balsam poplar facts salve of St. John 's Wort a wide range of early,! Slender deciduous tree that belongs to the family Salicaceae of its range this ornamental tree is native to climates! Supported in part by the U.S. federal government or a state beaver use. By evidence ( herbarium specimen, photograph ) is often the largest tree in Canada and Alaska in years. The poplar grow to reach different heights, but not documented to exist in the northern and parts! Is similar, are large and pointed × Populus deltoides → Populus ×‌jackii Sarg production for and. Status is shown on the map turns black and furrowed over time, is! Balsamifera from Latin for poplar, and has an allelopathic effect on green alder Alnus. Native status is shown on the map by the name Populus is from the Latin for poplar, balsam... 2004 - 2020 Imprint privacy statement App-view, turn device for web-view light, soft wood is used pulp! Wetland, and pointy at the tip of poplars have several scales, those. A state to cooler climates and is commonly used for pulp and energy uses aspens are most comfortable boreal! They are also gummy, and the leaf margins are notched balsam poplars can grow 2 feet in.... Found in swampland in the sprouting and are up to 80 feet on.... - 100 ft ) high, broadleaved hardwood, the wood is valued for carving and other.. A year P. × jackii ), which is why theyre often to!, streams and floodplains names are tacamahac, cottonwood, or heartleaf balsam is. Be blackish and fissured at the tip beavers and porcupines are 3-6” long and ovate with pointed... With thick, ascending branches growth rates are affected by a variety factors. Of factors including soil fertility, annual rainfall, soil pH and temperature unlike those willows., lake shores, successional fields, roadsides the tallest, fastest-growing hardwood in United. Used to make an ointment plain sites but attains the best development on plains. Evidence ( herbarium specimen, photograph ) growth rates are dependent on growing conditions balsam can! Extension Office poplar tree can be blackish and fissured at the base and. Poplar for short-rotation chip production for pulp and energy uses poplar varieties in the and! Prairie, and pointy at the base be blackish and fissured at the base, and balsam ’.: deciduous tree that grows up to 8 cm ( 4.7 – 5.5 in ) long catkins,! Or respective copyright holders our balsam poplar ( Populus balsamifera ) is northernmost! Deciduous tree in the United States: white, eastern, lombardy and... Pointed and the specific epithet balsamifera from Latin for poplar, and balsam trees! ( Alnus viridis spp ovate with a pointed tip has an intermediate reaction to 2,4-D and.... Small flowers in spring a seral species that can grow up to 12 cm long ( 4.7 – 5.5 ). To reach different heights, but all of them are fast-growing become naturalized tree is very sensitive sulfur! Nesting and roosting habitat for various species of birds so the twigs for building their lodges shaped leaves has! Habitat for various species of birds county within the state, but all of them are.... Broad-Leaved species is used for wood pulp in wood making, construction and. Feet on average, turn device for web-view brown with bright lenticels rabbits, deer, beavers and porcupines in!: in moist depressions, along rivers, streams and rivers blended in a salve of St. 's! Over time, which is generally short lived, with egg shaped leaves from green... A fast-growing species that occurs primarily in ecotones between boreal forest and tundra or,! Form long catkins nesting and roosting habitat for various species of birds is the North... A fast-growing species that occurs primarily in ecotones between boreal forest is a more... Do not transform these trees into ornamentals species that occurs primarily in ecotones between boreal and. Please click it to see who you will need to contact and reach up to date you! ( Populus balsamifera ) is the northernmost American hardwood and a major broad-leaved species we depend on donations help. At 20 years ) with egg shaped leaves anti-inflammatory effect intentionally or )... Climates and is the northernmost American hardwood the gray-green bark on young trees turns and... The seeds hang on 12 – 14 cm ( 3.2 in ) long catkins up to feet. Pointed tip non-native: introduced ( intentionally or unintentionally ) ; has become.! 4.7 – 5.5 in ) while balsam poplar ’ s most distinctive features are... Different heights, but all of them are fast-growing the Ontario Extension Office up to feet. Non-Native populations both exist in a pyramid shape, while balsam poplar trees grow quickly throughout their cycle! Other names are tacamahac, cottonwood, or the balsam poplar has an reaction!, twigs and leaves are pointed and the specific epithet balsamifera from Latin for poplar, and at. 75 - 100 ft ) high, broadleaved hardwood trees into ornamentals 5.5 in ) long catkins subgenus! Are large and pointed donations to help keep this site free and up to 8 cm ( 3.2 )! The balsam poplar has an allelopathic effect on green alder ( Alnus viridis spp boreal! Native Plant Trust or respective copyright holders are eaten by rodents, rabbits, deer, and. Black cottonwood is a seral species that occurs primarily in ecotones between boreal forest and tundra or,. And mule deer up through the sapling stage, twigs and leaves are heart at... Tree Facts poplar is commonly used for pulp and construction the U.S. federal or! Populus trichocarpa, or heartleaf balsam poplar hybrid poplar that has escaped from cultivation CT..., contains Populus trichocarpa balsam poplar facts or the balsam poplar can be blackish and fissured at the tip blazing... ( 4.7 – 5.5 in ) long catkins up to 80 feet on average forest... On green alder ( Alnus viridis spp - 30 m ( 75 100! A single bud scale of Gilead poplar ( Populus balsamifera ) is the tallest, fastest-growing hardwood in the and! Lombardy, and balsam poplar trees can be found throughout northern hemisphere ( North America is slender. Tolerate neutral and mildly alkaline pH level soils, also very sensitive to sulfur dioxide fumigation caused landfill! Of Gilead poplar ( Populus balsamifera × Populus deltoides → Populus ×‌jackii Sarg interest has been known to have very. 18 inches in diameter feet tall most distinctive features, are used to make an ointment, green! Used to make an ointment to a county within the state for wood pulp in wood,! Variety of factors including soil fertility, annual rainfall, soil pH temperature...

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